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What is a Maternal-Fetal Medicine Specialist?

Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) physicians are high-risk pregnancy experts, specializing in the un-routine. For pregnant women with chronic health problems, MFM physicians work with other clinical specialists in an office or hospital setting to keep the woman healthy as her body changes and her baby grows. We also care for women who face unexpected problems that develop during pregnancy, such as early labor, bleeding, or high blood pressure. We’re the go-to for pregnant women who arrive in the hospital for any reason, whether after an accident or at the onset of a kidney infection. In other cases, it’s the baby who faces the un-routine. If we find birth defects or growth problems, we can start treatment before birth, providing monitoring, blood transfusions and surgery to support babies with the best possible care until they are ready to arrive in the world.


A Maternal-Fetal Medicine physician is an ObGyn who has completed and additional two to three years of education and clinical experience to develop specialized skills to help both woman and baby before and during an un-routine pregnancy. Our training includes both medical treatment and complex procedures for women and babies. We are high-risk pregnancy experts.

Our extra training enables us to conduct and interpret research on new approaches for pregnancy problems. Through educational courses, development of clinical protocols, and research, we share our knowledge of optimal care for complicated pregnancies with others. Our overarching goal is to improve outcomes for moms and babies.

Maternal-Fetal Medicine physicians partner with multiple caregivers to consult, co-manage or care directly for complicated situations, both before, during and after pregnancy. We know it takes a team - starting with the woman and her family - to navigate the un-routine and achieve the best possible outcome.

When Should I see an MFM Specialist?

MFM specialists treat two patients at the same time. We partner with pregnant women and their families, along with the clincal team to navigate the un-routine and achieve the best possible outcome. We see families who have experienced un-routine pregnancies in the past, women with chronic health conditions, and women who develop unexpected problems during their pregnancy. Learn More

Find an MFM Specialist