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SMFM Fetal Anomalies Consult Series #4: Genitourinary anomalies

Abnormalities of the genitourinary system are among the most common fetal structural malformations. Such anomalies range from mild (eg, mild urinary tract dilation) to severe life-threatening anomalies (eg, bilateral renal agenesis).

This consult series reviews the ultrasonographic diagnosis, genetic evaluation, and potential treatment and outcome of the following genitourinary abnormalities:

  • adrenal neuroblastoma
  • autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
  • bladder outlet obstruction
  • duplicated collecting system
  • ectopic ureterocele
  • hydroureter
  • hypospadias
  • multicystic dysplastic kidney
  • ovarian cyst
  • pelvic kidney
  • renal agenesis
  • renal pelvic dilation
  •  urinoma


fetal anomalies


Consult Series